The growing volume of research on childhood trauma and its link to behavioral health problems, medical problems, criminality, suicide, violence, and living on the margins of society are clear. If we are to reduce the prevelence of these problems, we must solve the problem of child maltreatment, domestic violence, and paucity of family supports. It is important to eliminate the idea that Children and Teens are “bad.” They have likely expereinced trauma in childhood, often before the age of 6.
To change this situation we must look at the likely source of childhood toxic stress, which is child maltreatment, often within families. When we look at the source of this phenomenon, we find families in poverty, with family members suffering from substance abuse and mental illness. This is a source of childhood trauma within families.
Our support and help for families in poverty, and suffering from substance abuse and mental illness is insufficient in the US and perhaps around the world. It is a difficult topic to admit that caregivers are unable to provide adequate care for their families without help. While the social infrastructure bill is under discussion, it is important to also look at the needed support of families in distress, leaving the children of those families growing up in toxic stress resulting in substance abuse, criminality and violence. The goal should be to prevent substance abuse, mental illnesses, criminal behavior, and violence through increased family supports, services, and treatment.
Therefore, the recommendation is to provide more services for families and the children in their care. Departments of Social Services and behavioral health agencies need to be funded at a higher level and provide treatment services for youth and families. We could also follow the lead of some European coutries in combining departments of social services and departments of juvenile services, thus supporting youth and their families together. To do this we must see the connection between childhood trauma and the social problems that they generate.
Increase funding universally for behavioral health agencies, Departments of Social Services (DHS), and departments of juvenile services
Provide sufficient behavioral health treatment services in any home where there is child maltreatment or domestic violence.
When a youth enters a Department of Juvenile Services, provide behavioral health services for the entire familiy, not just the youth that enters the system.
Link services of Behavioral Health Agencies to Departments of Social Services and Departments of Juvenile services
Treat the entire family, not just the youth that has come to the attention of a public agency.
For Mental Health awareness week, Gov. Hogan issued a proclamation recognizing the association of trauma with mental and behavioral health issues. He stated that all mental health services should identify any trauma which requires treatment to support the treatment of any mental health issues.
I recommend that the ACE’s Questionnaire in any of its variants be filled out on all clients so that if Trauma-informed care is needed, it can be provided.
The various types of trauma include:
child abuse and neglect
exposure to violence
treating someone with disrespect or harshness
a child’s parents or caregivers being arrested or incarcerated for illegal activity
Being belittled or treated with emotional harshness
Substance abuse by parents or caregivers resulting in neglect of youth in their care
The results of childhood maltreatment are:
functioning at a developmental level less than would be expected given one’s age
neurological disruption of ability to self soothe when upset and exercise emotional dyscontrol when upset
cognitive disruption resulting in learning problems
Difficulty getting along with others
Aggression toward others
lack of rule-following
Getting in trouble with the law or school authorities
Association with peers that get into trouble with school or law enforcement authorities.
Ways to Reduce the Risk of aggression toward others, breaking school rules, and law-breaking includes a combination of:
Neuro and biofeedback
Increase in structure and rule enforcement
Behavior modification and use of behavior contracts
I just read an article on Meditation being used to help those involved in the criminal justice system. The authors reviewed multiple studies. They found that regular meditation reduced re-offending in all categories of offending including sex offenders. Another article reviewed information about the connection between trauma and externalized behavior problems (harm toward other people) and found a significant correlation between childhood trauma and offending behaviors.
Third and fourth articles on my newsfeed.
There is an active shooter in a grocery store in Collierville, TN. One is reported dead as well as the shooter and there are several reported injuries.
The death of Gabby Petito is a homicide. Authorities have found the remains of her boyfriend, Brian Laundrie. Mr. Laundrie was seen being verbally and physically aggressive toward others, including Gabby, on their trip to the Grand Tetons.
When are we going to look seriously at prevention of Domestic violence? A big piece of the violence problem has to do with the maltreatment of family members and the failure to protect and provide treatment for abused and neglected women and children in the US.
Mental Health experts are now recognizing the importance of trauma-informed care in addition to treatment for anxiety and depression.
Thanks for reading
The CARE-2 is unique in its emphasis on Risk Reduction Treatment Planning for youth with severe behavior problems. Dismiss